can a grandparent claim a grandchild on taxes 2017

A single grandparent who is raising a grandchild may elect the head of household income tax rates, which are generally less than the single tax rates. There are a very large variety of tax deductions and other benefits that may be available to a grandparent who pays the expenses of educating a grandchild. It is an unfortunate fact of modern day life that many parents are not able to care for their children.

By doing so in this circumstance, the reassessment can result in lower property taxes over time by locking in the lower market value as the property’s new base year value as of the date of transfer. Severe penalties may be imposed for contributions and distributions not made in accordance with IRS rules. By authorizing H&R Block to e-file your tax return, or by taking the completed return to file, you are accepting the return and are obligated to pay all fees when due. For a discussion of the tie-breaker rule that applies when more than one person is eligible to claim a child as a dependent, see Parker Tax ¶10,720.

The Tax Planner’s Handbook

A grandparent who is working and has a qualifying child living with him or her may be able to take the earned income credit . An individual who is considered unmarried and has a qualifying child may be eligible to use head of household as his or her filing status. I’ve seen several cases in which a grandparent, for a variety of reasons, chooses to adopt a grandchild with or without the consent of the parent. Like all adoptions, these expenses can qualify for a credit of up to $13,570. There are special relaxed provisions for adoption of children with special needs. Again, there are many restrictions which need to be carefully considered by your tax adviser.

  • For more information about planning for a grandchild’s or other relative’s education expenses, please contact one of the attorneys in our Trusts & Estates Practice Group.
  • In addition, the child must live with you for more than half the year .
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  • Below is an overview of five ways in which grandparents can contribute toward a grandchild’s education, as well as tips on pitfalls to avoid.

EITC eligibility also depends on family size. The IRS recommends using the EITC Assistant, can a grandparent claim a grandchild on taxes 2017 on, to determine eligibility, estimate the amount of credit and more.

What forms do I use to file for these exclusions?

The $1 million exclusion applies separately to each eligible transferor. Disaster Relief Information Property owners impacted by recent California fires may be eligible for property tax relief, please visit our disaster relief webpage for additional information. Attributable to education furnished during a period when the recipient was an eligible student, as defined for education credit purposes (i.e., at least a half-time student). Incurred on behalf of the taxpayer, the taxpayer’s spouse, or any dependent of the taxpayer as of the time the debt was incurred. The credit percentage of the earned income amount, over.

Faster access to funds is based on comparison of traditional banking policies for check deposits versus electronic direct deposit. One personal state program and unlimited business state program downloads are included with the purchase of this software. Additional personal state programs extra. H&R Block tax software and online prices are ultimately determined at the time of print or e-file. The dependent must not provide more than half of his or her own support for the year.

Can I claim the credit for a failed adoption?

If you use a multiple support agreement to claim your dependent, you cannot use the dependent to file as a head of household. It’s too late to benefit from the adoption tax credit for any adoptions finalized before 2012. Special needs really means hard to place, rather than that the child has a disability or medical condition. Basically the child must receive adoption subsidy/assistance . The IRS instructions for Form 8839 say, “A child is a child with special needs if all three of the following statements are true. Learn how a special needs trust can preserve assets for a person with disabilities without jeopardizing Medicaid and SSI, and how to plan for when caregivers are gone.

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  • If BOTH people looking to claim the qualifying child are parents — for example, divorced mom and dad — the parent with whom the child resided with the most amount of time during the year.
  • A certification of trust is not sufficient evidence upon which to make a determination of eligibility for the parent-child exclusion if it does not identify the beneficiaries or their interests in the property held in trust.
  • Dependency exemption.Each exemption you take for dependents reduces your taxable income (in 2016, the dependent exemption reduced taxable income by $4,050 for each dependent).
  • Proposition 193 is also codified by section 63.1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code.
  • Tax returns may be e-filed without applying for this loan.
  • The custodial parent signs Form 8332 or a substantially similar statement that he or she will not claim the child as a dependent for the year, and the noncustodial parent attaches the form or statement to his or her return.

Additional fees apply with Earned Income Credit and you file any other returns such as city or local income tax returns, or if you select other products and services such as Refund Transfer. Available at participating U.S. locations. Under Code Sec. 151, only one person can claim a “qualifying child” as a dependent. When writing the law relating to dependent deductions, Congress expected that there would be some families where more than one person could say a child was his or her “qualifying child,” so the Code has tie-breaking rules.

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The IRS and partners nationwide will hold the annual EITC Awareness Day on Friday, Jan. 27, 2017 to alert millions of workers who may be missing out on this significant tax credit and other refundable credits. One easy way to support this outreach effort is by participating on the IRS Thunderclap to help promote #EITCAwarenessDay through social media. For more information on EITC and other refundable credits, visit the EITC page on

can a grandparent claim a grandchild on taxes 2017