The lower shadow within the hammer formation is at least two thirds the length of the entire candle. The body of the candle is relatively small and is situated in the upper third of the candle’s range. And the upper shadow is nonexistent, or minimal compared to the size of the lower shadow.

real body

Even though the structure is opposite, both hammer and inverted hammer are potential bullish reversal candlestick patterns. The inverted hammer is a bullish reversal candlestick pattern. This candle, usually, makes an appearance at the bottom of a downtrend indicating that the buyers are trying to push the prices upwards.

Pick inverted hammers as part of a downward retrace in an existing up trend — page 361. The overall performance rank is 6 out of 103 candle types, where 1 is the best performing. The best average move in 10 days is a huge rise of 7.75%. I consider moves above 6% as good ones, so this is exceptional. The pattern does best in a bear market after an upward breakout, ranking 9th for performance. Live streams Tune into daily live streams with expert traders and transform your trading skills.

Demo accounts are a vital tool for traders of all experience levels, as they give you a sandbox environment to trial strategies before you put them to the test with real funds. To see why it’s seen as a bullish reversal pattern, we can take a closer look at the potential price action within the session. An engulfing pattern is a 2-bar reversal candlestick patternThe first candle is contained with the 2nd candleA bullish… It should always be remembered that investing with the inverted hammer principle goes beyond the mere identification of the candle.

Most traders will wait until the day after a Hammer pattern forms to see if a rally continues or if there are other indications like a break of a downward trendline. Almost the same as previous, but the second candlestick is a doji. The gaps are not an absolute must for this pattern but the reversal signal will be stronger if they are present. Spinning tops are quite similar to doji, but their bodies are larger, where the open and close are relatively close. A candle’s body generally can represent up to 5% of the size of the entire candle’s range to be classified as a doji. You can also practice finding the inverted hammer and placing trades on a risk-free IG demo account.

Using a Doji to Predict a Price Reversal

It’s characterized by a small body that gaps away from the previous candle and closes near the low of that candle. Typically, an inverted hammer will appear at the end of a downtrend after a long run of bearish candles, which makes it a great indicator for entering new positions. Confirmation occurs if the candle following the hammer closes above the closing price of the hammer. Candlestick traders will typically look to enter long positions or exit short positions during or after the confirmation candle. For those taking new long positions, a stop loss can be placed below the low of the hammer’s shadow.


Below is the for the AUDNZD forex pair shown on the daily timeframe once again. Additionally you can see that the body of the hammer candle is relatively small and closes near the upper end of the range. Finally, notice the relatively small upper wick within this formation. But when we talk about above the stomach evolves over a period of almost two sessions. To adequately understand candlestick patterns, you must have had a good understanding of Japanese candlesticks and all their attributes. Ideally, cradle patterns should be an indication of reversal of the recent trend.

Belt Hold Candlestick Pattern: Trading Guide

If this pattern is found at the end of a downtrend, it is generally known as a “hammer“. Although rare, a doji candlestick generally signals a trend reversal indication for analysts, although it can also signal indecision about future prices. Broadly, candlestick charts can reveal information about market trends, sentiment, momentum, and volatility. The patterns that form in the candlestick charts are signals of such market actions and reactions.

  • You can learn more about how shooting stars work in our guide to candlestick patterns.
  • Immediately after the bullish hammer formation, we can see two strong bullish candles form that propel the price of this currency pair higher.
  • Third,the lower shadow should either not exist or be very, very small.Fourth,the real body should be located at the lower end of the trading range.
  • Nevertheless they can provide for an excellent timing signal for entering a long trade, as we have seen in the above two examples.
  • If either a doji or spinning top is spotted, look to other indicators such asBollinger Bands® to determine the context to decide if they are indicative of trend neutrality or reversal.

In case you funded the account via various methods, withdraw your profit via the same methods in the ratio according to the deposited sums. You can see that this pattern looks very much like the “morning doji star” pattern. Moreover, even if there is a reversal, it is short-lived.

The length of the lower shadow is significantly longer than that of the upper shadow. This indicates that the price was trending downward, but then it reversed and started moving higher. On the other hand, if the price does begin to rise, rewarding your recognition of the hammer signal, you will have to decide on an optimal level to exit the trade and take your profits. On its own, the hammer signal provides little guidance as to where you should set your take-profit order. As you strategize on a potential exit point, you may want to look for other resistance levels such as nearby swing lows.

There was so much support and subsequent buying pressure, that prices were able to close the day even higher than the open, a very bullish sign. The long lower shadow of the Hammer implies that the market tested to find where support and demand were located. When the market found the area of support, the lows of the day, bulls began to push prices higher, near the opening price. When the high and the close are the same, a bullish Hammer candlestick is formed. The below chart of Emmbi Industries Ltd shows a Hammer reversal pattern after downtrend.

How to trade when you see the inverted hammer candlestick pattern

Essentially the opposite of a hammer candlestick, the shooting star rises after opening but closes roughly at the same level of the trading period. A shooting star pattern signals the top of a price trend. Inverted hammer candlesticks are found at the base of downtrends. They look like an upside down hammer and have a longer upper wick, small to medium size body, and no lower shadow.

The body of the second candle is completely contained within the body of the first one and has the opposite color. The signal of this pattern is considered stronger than a signal from a simple “morning star” pattern. The inverted hammer allows you to enter a trade at a favorable point. This means that you can enter the trade at an early stage to gain the benefit of the full upward movement.

Most traders will tend to use nearby areas of support and resistance to place their stops and take profits. It’s similar to the regular hammer, but inverted hammers form after a downtrend and have more reliability when they form at support levels. To confirm an inverted hammer pattern, you need bearish confirmation . The name “inverted hammer” comes from its shape when compared to a traditional hammer candlestick. The body of an inverted hammer is narrow while its shadow is long, giving it an upside-down appearance. Like traditional hammers, inverted hammers indicate that there may be some bullish momentum starting to build up within the market.

At its core, the pattern is considered a reversal signal that can often pinpoint the end of a prolonged trend or retracement phase. We will dissect the hammer candle in great detail, and provide some practical tips for applying it in the forex market.. The Hammer candlestick pattern is a bullish reversal pattern that indicates a potential price reversal to the upside.


To some, this confirmation candle, plus the fact that the downward trendline resistance was broken, gave them a potential signal to go long. The Inverted Hammer formation is created when the open, low, and close are roughly the same price. Also, there is a long upper shadow which should be at least twice the length of the real body. Just know what they mean and how they’re being implemented in trading.

Years ago when I started learning about candlesticks, I already knew about the hammer, but the inverted hammer escaped my attention. A hammer is a single candle line in a downtrend, but an inverted hammer is a two line candle, also in a downtrend. The inverted hammer is supposed to be a bullish reversal candlestick, but it really acts as a bearish continuation 65% of the time. The overall performance ranks it 6 out of 103 candles, meaning the trend after the candle often results in a good sized move.

To trade when you see the inverted hammer candlestick pattern, start by looking for other signals that confirm the possible reversal. If you believe that it will occur, you can trade via CFDs or spread bets. These are derivative products, which mean you can trade on both rising and falling prices.

It’s not a common occurrence, nor is it a reliable signal that a price reversal will soon happen. The dragonfly doji pattern also can be a sign of indecision in the marketplace. For this reason, traders will often combine it with other technical indicators before making trade decisions. An inverted hammer candlestick is formed when bullish traders start to gain confidence.

The long-legged doji is a type of candlestick pattern that signals to traders a point of indecision about the future direction of a security’s price. This doji has long upper and lower shadows and roughly the same opening and closing prices. In addition to signaling indecision, the long-legged doji can also indicate the beginning of a consolidation period where price action may soon break out to form a new trend. These doji can be a sign that sentiment is changing and that a trend reversal is on the horizon.